types of pond plants

Types of Pond Plants

What Types of Plants to Use in a Pond?

There are several different kinds and types of plants that could be very nice and useful when it comes to your garden pond: plants like this for example are – marginal pond plants, hardy lilies and tropical lilies, water lotus and oxygenators.

In the following tables, we try to provide you with brief information about each of these plants, so as to help you with which one of these should you include in your garden pond.

Marginal Pond Plants

Marginal Plants

NameHeightDescriptionShade Tolerant
Arrow Arum18″Dark green arrowhead shaped leavesYes
Arrow Head2′Arrow shaped leaves with white flowersSlightly
Bacopa Carolinian4″Tight round green leaves, purple flowersYes
Bacopa Monera4″Tight round green leaves, lavender flowersYes
Blue Bell, Rueilla18″Green Leaves, Lavender FlowersYes
Bog Lily16″Long Leaves, Spike of large white flowersYes
Bull Rush5′Tall green stems,No leaves, Large PlantNo
Canna Australian Red4′Red Elliptical shaped leaves with large flowersYes
Canna, Longwood3′Elliptical shaped leaves with large flowersSlightly
Canna, Yellow Varigated3′Elliptical shaped leaves with large flowersSlightly
Cardinal Flower18″Thich stems with heart shaped leaves red flowersSlightly
Cattail5′Tall green leaves, brown cattail bloomSlightly
Cattail Dwarf1′Short green leaves, brown cattail bloomSlightly
Cattail Graceful3′Narrow green leaves, brown cattail bloomSlightly
Cattail Variegated3′Narrow green and white leaves, brown cattail bloomSlightly
Floating HeartFloatingRound green leaves with yellow flowersSlightly
Four Leaf Clover2″Green variegeted four lobed leavesNo
Frogs Mouth4′Green Bronze foliage, spikes of yellow bloomsYes
Golden Reed3′Bright green and yellow foliage Feathery bloomsNo
Hibiscus3′Two varieties: Pink or red flowersNo
Horsetail Rush3′Segmented green stems, Unique plantYes
Iris2′Yellow,Red,White,or Purple flowersYes
Lizards Tail2′Heart shaped leaves,White flower spikeSlight
Mares Tail12″Green stems with feather like leavesYes
Mint Aquatic6″Dark green ruffled leaves with purple flowersYes
Papyrus, Dwarf24″Long stem has tufts of leaves on topNo
Papyrus, Giant5′Larger variety of the dwarf papyrusNo
Papyrus, King Tut2′Giant papyrus head on 2′ stemsNo
Parrot’s FeatherFloatingFoliage is feathery on the stemYes
Parrot’s Feather Red StemFloatingSmall red stem parrots feather great in potsYes
Pickerel Rush3′Green leaves, Spike of brilliant purple flowersYes
Pink Sprite8″Small round green leaves with spikes of pink flowersYes
Radican Marble Queen18″Variegated leaf, White small flowerYes
Reed, Giant Variegated6′Long leaves are green and white stripedNo
Rush, Corkscrew2′Stem curls like a corkscrew as it growsSlightly
Rush, Blue2′Stems are tall and narrow, bluish in colorNo
Rush, Spike3′Tall stems with brown spear type headsNo
Rush, Spike Dwarf2′Small and thin stems with tops like spearNo
Rush, Variegated3′Stems have yellow and green stripesNo
Rush, White5′Stems are almost pute white, little greenNo
Rush, Zebra4′Tall green stems with horizontal white stripesYes
Ruby Runner2′Red leaves and stemsYes
Sagateria Crushed Ice16″Lance shaped variegated leaves, spike of white flowersYes
Sagateria Lancifolia18″Lance shaped leaves, spike of white flowersYes
Sagateria Montavendensis2″White flowers with a maroon spot on petalYes
Sedge2′Resembles Patio Palm house plantNo
Society Garlic16″Green foliage with lavender flowersYes
Snowflake YellowFloatingFloating mottled lily like leaves with yellow flowersNo
Snowflake WhiteFloatingFloating lily like leaves with white flowersNo
SweetFlag2′Green Iris like leavesYes
Sweetflag, Variegated2′Green and white Iris like leavesYes
Taro, Black Magic2′Black stems and heart shaped leavesYes
Taro, Green2′Green heart shaped leavesYes
Taro, Imperial2′Green and black heart shaped leavesYes
Thalia6′Tall stems with large leaves,Purple flowerNo
Thalia, Red Stem6′Red stems with large leaves,Purple flowerNo
Umbrella Palm5′Leaves create an “”umbrella”” on the stemSlightly
Umbrella Palm, Dwarf2′Leaves create an “”umbrella”” on the stemSlightly
Water Celery18″Leaves resemble tops of celery, edibleYes
Water Celery Variegated18″Beautiful Pink and White Variegated LeavesYes
Water Pennywort8″Small green leaves, “”penny”” shapedYes
Water PoppyFloatingDark green leaves,Yellow bright flowerSlightly
Water Sprite18″Fern style fronds, great filter plantYes

Hardy Lilies and Tropical Lilies

Red Hardy Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
AttractionMedRed – Semi DoubleDeep GreenSemi Shade
Charlie’s ChoiceMedRose – SingleGreenSlightly
GypsyMedDeep Rose – SingleSlighly MottledSlightly
Perry’s Baby RedSmallDark Red – Semi DoubleRed to GreenNo
Red SpiderLargeCherry – SingleLight GreenYes
Red SultanMedRed – Semi DoubleGreenSlightly
Reflected FlameMedStrawberry – SingleMottledSlightly
RembrandtLargeDark Red – SingleDark GreenNo
Rubra RedPygmyLight RedRed to GreenSlightly
Steven StrawnMedBright RedGreenSlightly

Pink Hardy Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
Arc-En-CeilLargePink and White – SingleVariegatedNo
FabiolaMedRose – Semi DoubleLight GreenSemi Shade
HollandiaMedMedium Pink – DoubleOlive GreenSemi Shade
MaylaLargeFuschia – DoubleDark GreenYes
Pink BeautyMedLight Pink – SingleGreenSlightly
Pink SensationMedMedium Pink – SingleGreenSlightly
Pink SparkleSmallLight Pink – SingleMottledNo

Peach Hardy Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
Barbara DobbinsLargeLight Peach – Semi DoubleDeep GreenYes
ColoradoLargeDeep Salmon – DoubleLight GreenNo
Georgia PeachLargeRich Peach – Semi DoubleGreenNo
High LightMedDeeping shades of PeachLight GreenSemi Shade
Patio JoeMedRich Peach – Semi DoubleOliveSemi Shade
Peach glowMedPale Peach – DoubleMed GreenNo
Sunny PinkLargeLight Peach – SingleGreenNo

White Hardy Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
DenverMedCreamy White – DoubleMottledNo
HermineMedBright White – SingleGreenNo
Queen of WhitesMedBright White – DoubleGreenSlightly
Snow PrincessPygmyBright White – SingleMottledSlightly
StarbrightMedCreamy White – SingleHeavily MottledSlightly
VirginiaLargePure WhiteDeep GreenNo
VirginialisLargeWhite SingleGreenNo
White DagonMedBone White – SingleMottledSlightly

Yellow Hardy Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
Charlene StrawnMedLemon Yellow – SingleSlightly MottledYes
ChromatellaMedBright Yellow – DoubleDark GreenSlightly
HelvolaDwarfCanary Yellow – SingleMaroonYes
Inner LightMedLight to Dark Yelllow DoubleDark GeenSlightly
Joey TomocikLargeElectric Yellow – SingleGreenNo
Texas DawnLargeBright Yellow – SingleSlightly MottledNo

Changeable Hardy Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
AuroraSmallYellow to Peach – SingleMottledSlightly
ComancheLargeYellow to Bronze – SingleMottledYes
GraziellaSmallYellow to Bronze – SingleLightly MottledSlightly
IndianaMediumYellow to Red – SingleMottledNo
Little SueSmallPink/Red – SingleGreenNo
SiouxLargeYellow to Red – SingleDark GreenYes
SolfatareMedWhite to Peach – SingleLight Greenslightly

Red Tropical Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
Jack WoodLargeRaspberryDeep GreenNo
Martin RandigLargeRaspberryDeep GreenNo
Miami RoseMedBright REdHeavily MottledSlightly
RubyMedDark RoseGreenNo

Pink Tropical Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
Evelyn RandigMedDeep PinkMottledNo
Pink CapensisLargeMedium PinkLight GreenNo
Queen of SiamMedHot PinkMottledNo
Shirley BryantLargeBright PinkBright GreenNo

White Tropical Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
CrystalMedBright WhiteMottledNo
Marian StrawnLargePure WhiteSpeckledNo

Blue Tropical Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
BagdadLargeWisteria BlueMottledNo
Blue BeautyLargeBright BlueGreenNo
Blue CapensisLargeBlueSolid GreenSlightly
DaubenMedLight BlueLight GreenYes
LeopardessMedDeep BlueLight MottledNo
NoraLargeBlue/Purple TippedGreenNo
PamelaLargeLight BlueBright GreenNo
Star of SiamMedBlue with White centerHeavily MottledSlightly
Wood’s Blue GoddessLargeDeep with Purple centerBright GreenNo

Purple Tropical Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
Director MooreLargeRoyal PurpleBright GreenNo
HilaryLargeLavenderGreenNo
IslamoradaLargePurple with White spotsBright GreenSlightly
Lindsay WoodsMediumVery Dark PurpleDark GreenSlightly
Madame Gana WalskaLargeLavenderMottledYes
MidnightMedDeep PurpleGreenNo
Panama PacificMedBright PurpleDark GreenNo
Robert StrawnLargeLavenderLight GreenNo
TinaLargeDeep PurpleReddish GreenNo

Multi-Color Tropical Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
Albert GreenbergLargeYellow PinkHeavily MottledNo
Green SmokeLargeGreen YellowHeavily MottledNo

Night Blooming Tropical Water Lilies

NameSizeFlowersLeavesShade Tolerant
AntariesLargeRedDark GreenNo
Emily Grant HutchingsLargeRedCopper GreenNo
Jennifer RebeccaLargeLight RedCopper GreenNo
Red FlareLargeDeep RedMaroonNo
Texas Shell PinkLargeLight PinkGreenNo
Trudy SlocumLargePure WhiteGreenNo
Woods White NightLargeBright WhiteGreenNo

Water Lotus

Water Lotus

NameSizeDescription
Baby Doll LotusSmallSmall white tulip-like blooms that are 4 to 5 inches in diameter. Very free flowering with leaves that grow 9 to 11 inches in length. Can grow 2 to 3 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Bai MudanSmallDouble white peony-like blooms that span 4 to 5 inches in diameter. Can grow 2 to 3 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Carolina QueenMediumPink blooms with a light yellow to white center 9 to 11 inches in diameter. Very free flowering. Holds flowers well above the 18 to 19 inch leaves. Can grow 3 to 6 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Chawn BasuSmallSemi-double blooms with creamy white petals delicately tipped with pink edges. Blooms are 5 to 9 inches in diameter. Can grow 2 to 3 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Red Children’s LotusSmallRosy-pink broad petals bloom 3 to 4 inches in diameter and are streaked with deeper pink and rimmed in red. Produced over a long season, this lotus can grow 2 to 3 feet tall given required full sunlight.
Chinese Double RoseSmallDouble deep rose pink blooms span 10 to 13 inches in diameter. Leaves of this very free flowering lotus span 18 to 20 inches. Can grow 4 to 5 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Decorated LanternSmallSemi-double blooms with broad petals in red for the first day. Color-changing. Blooms 4 to 6 inches in diameter. Can grow 2 to 3 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Emerald DaybreakMediumDouble pink blooms that grow 4 to 10 inches in diameter. Lotus fades to light pink and then to white by the third or fourth day. Can grow to 2 to 4 feet tall with required full sunlight.
EmpressLargeSemi-double or single-white blooms tipped with red or pink. The broad blooms span 8 to 10 inches and can grow 4 to 5 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Evening ShowerMediumLarge single flat petals bloom pink to cream yellow with orange stamens. Grows 1 to 1 1/2 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Perry’s Giant SunburstLargeBlooms large creamy pale yellow flowers 10 to 12 inches in diameter. Leaves can span 16 to 18 inches. Free flowering and can grow 4 to 6 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Green MaidenMediumBlooms 2 to 3 inches in diameter, starting with soft pink on the first day and slowly fading to pale yellow by the third day. Leaves can grow 18-20 inches across and the plant can grow 1 to 3 feet tall with required full sunlight
Green Tree PeonySmallAmong the rarest of tree peonies, this plant grows slowly and blooms in down- or side-facing pattern in a white that softens with time. The blooms span about 7 inches in diameter.
Holy FireMediumDouble blooms in red and holds it’s color for four days. Blooms span about 7 inches in diameter and this plant can grow 1 to 3 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Momo BotanMediumA hybrid variation that blooms double peony-like petals in pink with a banana-yellow center. Has an extra long bloom season and stays open later in the day.Grows to 2-4 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Mrs. Perry SlocumLargeChangeable bicolor flower blooms are 9-12 inches in diameter. First day blooms are flushed yellow; second day blooms are pink and yellow, third day blooms are cream flushed pink. Can grow 4-5 feet tall with required full sunlight.
PenelopeLargeBlooms are broad and stark white and sport bluish-green leaves that span 16 to 23 inches. Flowers can be 9 to 12 inches in diameter and plant can grow 4 to 6 feet with required full sunlight.
Rosy CloudsMediumSingle and free flowering, blooms in reddish-pink with petals that span 5 to 6 inches in diameter. Can grow 2 to 4 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Thousand PetalsMediumThe most petals of any lotus, blooms in deep pink and fades to white. Blooms span up to 8 inches in diameter, leaves stretch 15 to 17 inches and the plant can grow well over 3 feet tall with required full sunlight.
Yellow BirdMediumBlooms large yellow flowers with lighter yellow tips. Can grow 3 to 6 feet tall with required sunlight.

Oxygenators

Oxygenators

NameSizeDescription
Anachris12-24″Hardy in zones 4 to 11, this plant features light green, fern-like leaves and branching stems. Plant can spread 12 to 24 inches in full to partial sunlight.
Dwarf Sagittaria6-12″Best as a background aquatic plant, the dwarf sagittaria is a fast growing plant that resembles grass and can grow above water level. It can survive partially or fully submerged and in direct or partial sunlight and is not sensitive to temperature change.
Eel Grass12-36″This aquatic plant has long, ribbon-like leaves that measure half an inch to ¾ inch wide and grow 3 to 4 feet long. Eelgrass leaves feature a vein pattern that resembles celery. This rooted submerged plant can be found in flowing water.
Horn Wart6-24″Hardy in zones 5 to 10, this plant features thin, dark green branches. The stems can grow up to 1 to 2 feet long and are covered in coarse foliage. Horn wart provides shade and can help clarify pond water and keep algae to a minimum. Can grow in full to partial sunlight.

 

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